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Some Famous Names in Orthopaedics

Name: Notes:
NICHOLAS ANDRY (1658-1759) was the professor of Medicine at the University of Paris and Dean of the faculty of Physick. In 1741, at the age of 81, he published a famous book called "Orthopaedia: or the Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children. <Picture>By such means that may easily be put into Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children. By such means that may easily be put into practice by parents themselves and all such as are employed in Educating Children". In this book, Andry presents the work Orthopaedic, which derives from the Greek words "straight" and "child". Andry was interested in postural defects and this has been reflected by his famous illustration, which is known "The tree of Andry". Andry believed that skeletal deformities were due to faults of posture and shortness of muscles. Some regard Andry as the Father of Orthopaedics, by many strongly disagree, believing that his work was un-scientific and that his only contribution was the use of the word Orthopaedics.
WILLIAM HEY (1736-1819) William Hey was born in Pudsey near Leeds. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a surgeon and apothecary and nearly died of an overdose of opium whilst studying its effects. He was the founder of Surgery at Leeds and trained at St. George's Hospital. Hey wrote a book on Surgery which contained several chapters on Orthopaedics. Subacute Osteomyelitis of the tibia was described and he advocated deroofing of the lesion. In 1773, Hey banged his knee getting out of the bath, and many attribute his subsequent interest in the knee to this. He coned the phrase "internal derangement of the knee", and described meniscal injuries. Hey described loose bodies and introduced tarso-metatarsal amputation.
GIOVANNI BATTISTA MONTEGGIA (1762-1815) Monteggia was born at Lake Maggiore and was a Milanese pathologist who acquired syphilis by cutting himself at autopsy and became a surgeon and professor at Milan. He is particularly remembered for his description in 1814 of the fracture that bears his name, Monteggia's fracture.
ABRAHAM COLLES (1773-1843) Colles was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, of humble origins. Nevertheless, he became professor of Surgery at the College of Surgeons in Dublin from the age of 29. He was the first to tie the subclavian artery, but is best known for his description of Colles' fracture, in 1814 (the same year as Monteggia).
BARON GUILLAUME DUPUYTREN (1777-1835) Dupuytren was born in central France. He was kidnapped as a boy by a rich woman from Toulouse on account of his good looks. He was taken to Paris and educated, but endured great poverty throughout his studies. Dupuytren became Surgeon in chief at the Hotel Dieu and worked tremendously hard and became very rich. He was described as an unpleasant person to met, yet his work was delightful to read. He was characterised as "First among surgeons, Last among men". He was an accurate clinical observer with a great interest in pathology. Dupuytren's name is most associated with the contracture of palmar fascia and a particular ankle fracture that he described. He wrote on many subjects, including congenital dislocation of the hip, the nature of callus formation, subungal exostosis, the Trendelenburg sign, tenotomy in torticollis and he differentiated osteosarcoma from "spina ventosa".
JAMES SYME (1799-1870) Syme was born in Edinburgh. As a student at Edinburgh University he found a way of dissolving rubber. Syme opened a school of Anatomy and later opened a very successful private clinic. In 1833, he became Professor of Surgery in Edinburg and held that position until his death, (he had actually made an agreement with his predecessor to pay him a pension if he resigned). Syme is known for introducing conservative alternatives to the major amputations that were carried out at the time. In 1831, he released a booklet, which detailed cases where joint excision could be used instead of amputation for grossly diseased joint, as in tuberculosis, and injured joints. In 1842, Syme described an amputation at the ankle. This amputation bears his name, as it replaced a portion of below knee amputations, which were ordinary practice at that time.

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