Orthoteers homepage Advertise on Orthoteers
Orthoteers Junior Orthoteers Orthopaedic Biomechanics Orthopaedic World Literature Society Educational Resources Image Gallery About Orthoteers Orthoteers Members search

Sterilisation & Asepsis

DEFINITIONS

Sterilisation

Process where by all living organisms including spores are destroyed

Disinfectants

Substances which kill potentially infectious organisms, and are usually used on surfaces (not the skin)
Destroys only vegetative forms of the organisms

Asepsis

Preventing wound contamination by ensuring that only sterile material makes contact with the wound and that airborne transmission of organisms is minimised

Antiseptics

(Mild disinfectants) Relatively non-toxic non-irritant anti microbial agents -> can be applied topically to the body
Iodine best skin preparation but irritant to raw areas (Betadine) Must remain on surface for 60 sec -> lead to effect
Alcohol pure solution useless as a disinfectant but 50 - 70% solution useful skin antiseptic
Chlorhexidine (phenolic derivative) powerful antiseptic agent against vegetative organisms -> good skin antiseptic with low toxicity



This is a preview of the site content. To view the full text for this site, you need to log in.
If you are having problems logging in, please refer to the login help page.


© 2005-2007 Orthoteers.co.uk - last updated by Len Funk on 15 February 2005Medical Merketing and SEO by Blue Medical 
Biomet supporting orthoteersThe British Orthopedic Association supporting OrthoteersOrthoteers is a non-profit educational resource. Click here for more details
Surgical Approaches
Analgesia and Orthopaedics
Autologous Blood Transfusion
Blood Management in Orthopaedic Sur...
Consent to Treatment
Diathermy
Epidural Analgesia
Grafts & Flaps
Hyponatraemia after orthopaedic sur...
Joseph Lister
Management of blood loss in Jehovah...
Other Medical Problems (Nonpulmonar...
Pain
Pulmonary Problems
Serological Investigations
Sterile Procedures - BOA Guidelines...
Sterilisation & Asepsis
Sutures
Theatre Design & Ventilation
Thromboembolism in Orthopaedic surg...
Thromboprophylaxis in Trauma & Orth...
Tourniquets
Wound Healing
Hide Menu