Orthoteers homepage Advertise on Orthoteers
Orthoteers Junior Orthoteers Orthopaedic Biomechanics Orthopaedic World Literature Society Educational Resources Image Gallery About Orthoteers Orthoteers Members search

Compartment Syndrome


Compartment syndrome of the foot occurs in 10% of calcaneal fractures & 41% of crush injuries.


the 9 compartments of the foot can be placed into 4 groups

Interosseous Compartment: 4 intrinsic muscles between the 1st and 5th metatarsals

Medial Compartment:  abductor hallucis; FHB

Calcaneal / Central Compartment: FDB; Quadratus plantae; Adductor Hallucis

Lateral Compartment: Flexor digiti minimi brevis; abductor digiti minimi



Unlike its counterpart in the leg or forearm, there are no classic signs in the foot. Pain on passive stretch, dysesthesias, and diminished pulses are not consistent findings. 

Tense swelling may be suggestive. 

Pressure measurement of all major compartments is required. Absolute pressures >30mmHg requires decompression, or less than 20mmHg below the diastolic blood pressure.


2 dorsal incisions over the medial aspect of the 2nd MT & lateral aspect of the 4th MT.

one 6cm medial incision - releasing the medial, calcaneal & lateral compartments.

This is a preview of the site content. To view the full text for this site, you need to log in.
If you are having problems logging in, please refer to the login help page.

© 2005-2007 Orthoteers.co.uk - last updated by Len Funk on 09 February 2005Medical Merketing and SEO by Blue Medical 
Biomet supporting orthoteersThe British Orthopedic Association supporting OrthoteersOrthoteers is a non-profit educational resource. Click here for more details
Accessory Bones
Adult Hallux Valgus
Amputations of the Foot & Ankle
Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle
Ankle Arthritis
Ankle Fractures
Ankle Instability
Ankle Sprains
Arthritis in Children
Arthrodeses of the Foot & Ankle
Arthroscopy of the Foot & Ankle
Biomechanics of the Foot & Ankle
BOFSS Syllabus for FRCS (Tr & Orth)
Calcaneal Fractures
Compartment Syndrome
Diabetic Foot
Foot & Ankle Hyperbook
Foot & Heel Pain
Freiberg's disease
Hallux Rigidus
Hyperkeratotic Pathology of the Pla...
Lesser Toe Deformities
Lisfranc Fractures
Morton's Neuroma
OCD & Osteochondoses of the Foot & ...
Other Foot Fractures
Peroneal Tendon Injuries
Rheumatoid Foot
Rheumatoid Forefoot
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
Soft Tissue Impingement
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome & Nerve Entr...
Tendo Achilles Disorders
tendo achilles references
Tendon Disorders
Hide Menu