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Foot & Heel Pain

Severs disease (apophysitis) usually male aged about 10 years with increased density and fragmentation of the calcaneal apophysis
Raise heel and avoid strenuous activities, severe cases may require POP
Calcaneal knobs (often bilateral) usually female 15 - 20 years

Young Adults:
Retrocalcaneal Bursitis (w/ Haglund's lump) above the Achilles tendon insertion or plantar fasciitis (enthesopathies)
Older Adults:
  1. Plantar fasciitis
  2. Pagets may affect the calcaneum resulting in a chronic ache 
  3. Chronic bone infection (Brodies abscess with sclerotic margin)
  4. Diabetes
  5. Entrapment of medial calcaneal branch of posterior tibial nerve
  6. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Plantar Fasciitis:

Pain at the attachment of the plantar fascia to the medial tubercle of the calcaneus. Treat with NSAIDs and orthosis, rarely needing release of plantar fascia.


Kohlers disease
(osteochondritis of the navicular) usually children less than 5 years old present with a painful limp and tender warm swelling over the navicular
Rest and strap for a few weeks results in relief and eventually ® normal looking navicular
Brailsfords disease similar to Kohlers but older women affected
The "overbone"
In adults with high arches, ridge of bone on dorsal surfaces of the med cunieform and 1st metatarsal- adjust shoes, bevel lump

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Accessory Bones
Adult Hallux Valgus
Amputations of the Foot & Ankle
Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle
Ankle Arthritis
Ankle Fractures
Ankle Instability
Ankle Sprains
Arthritis in Children
Arthrodeses of the Foot & Ankle
Arthroscopy of the Foot & Ankle
Biomechanics of the Foot & Ankle
BOFSS Syllabus for FRCS (Tr & Orth)
Calcaneal Fractures
Compartment Syndrome
Diabetic Foot
Foot & Ankle Hyperbook
Foot & Heel Pain
Freiberg's disease
Hallux Rigidus
Hyperkeratotic Pathology of the Pla...
Lesser Toe Deformities
Lisfranc Fractures
Morton's Neuroma
OCD & Osteochondoses of the Foot & ...
Other Foot Fractures
Peroneal Tendon Injuries
Rheumatoid Foot
Rheumatoid Forefoot
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
Soft Tissue Impingement
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome & Nerve Entr...
Tendo Achilles Disorders
tendo achilles references
Tendon Disorders
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