Orthoteers homepage Advertise on Orthoteers
Orthoteers Junior Orthoteers Orthopaedic Biomechanics Orthopaedic World Literature Society Educational Resources Image Gallery About Orthoteers Orthoteers Members search

tendo achilles references

Percutaneous repair of the ruptured tendo Achillis         [ Picture ]

J. M. Webb, G. C. Bannister
From Southmead Hospital, Bristol, England; J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 1999;81-B:877-80.

Percutaneous repair of the ruptured tendo Achillis has a low rate of failure and negligible complications with the wound, but the sural nerve may be damaged. We describe a new technique which minimises the risk of injury to this nerve.

The repair is carried out using three midline stab incisions over the posterior aspect of the tendon. A No. 1 nylon suture on a 90 mm cutting needle approximates the tendon with two box stitches. The procedure can be carried out under local anaesthesia.

We reviewed 27 patients who had a percutaneous repair at a median interval of 35 months after the injury. They returned to work at four weeks and to sport at 16. One developed a minor wound infection and another complex regional pain syndrome type II. There were no injuries to the sural nerve or late reruptures. This technique is simple to undertake and has a low rate of complications.


Unfavorable effect of knee immobilization on Achilles tendon healing in rabbits.
Yasuda T, Kinoshita M, Abe M, Shibayama Y
Acta Orthop Scand 2000 Feb;71(1):69-73
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

This study was undertaken to assess the effect of knee immobilization on the treatment of Achilles tendon rupture. After their Achilles tendons were severed, rabbits were divided into 2 groups. In Group A, only the ankle joint was immobilized. In Group B, both the knee and ankle joints were immobilized. At 4 weeks after surgery, both the ultimate tensile force and stiffness of the severed tendons were significantly greater in Group A than in Group B. In Group A, dense collagen fibers were seen in the repaired tendons, and the bundles of collagen fibers were parallel to one another along the axis of the tendons. In contrast, in Group B, dilated veins and capillaries were seen in the repaired tendons, and the proliferation of connective tissue containing collagen fibers was severely reduced around these veins and capillaries and was in general irregular and uneven. These results suggest that knee immobilization retards the healing of a ruptured Achilles tendon without suture, due to congestion and tension deprivation produced by keeping the tendon static.

This is a preview of the site content. To view the full text for this site, you need to log in.
If you are having problems logging in, please refer to the login help page.

© 2005-2007 Orthoteers.co.uk - last updated by Len Funk on 05 April 2005Medical Merketing and SEO by Blue Medical 
Biomet supporting orthoteersThe British Orthopedic Association supporting OrthoteersOrthoteers is a non-profit educational resource. Click here for more details
Accessory Bones
Adult Hallux Valgus
Amputations of the Foot & Ankle
Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle
Ankle Arthritis
Ankle Fractures
Ankle Instability
Ankle Sprains
Arthritis in Children
Arthrodeses of the Foot & Ankle
Arthroscopy of the Foot & Ankle
Biomechanics of the Foot & Ankle
BOFSS Syllabus for FRCS (Tr & Orth)
Calcaneal Fractures
Compartment Syndrome
Diabetic Foot
Foot & Ankle Hyperbook
Foot & Heel Pain
Freiberg's disease
Hallux Rigidus
Hyperkeratotic Pathology of the Pla...
Lesser Toe Deformities
Lisfranc Fractures
Morton's Neuroma
OCD & Osteochondoses of the Foot & ...
Other Foot Fractures
Peroneal Tendon Injuries
Rheumatoid Foot
Rheumatoid Forefoot
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
Soft Tissue Impingement
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome & Nerve Entr...
Tendo Achilles Disorders
tendo achilles references
Tendon Disorders
Hide Menu